The Origin Of A Cranium

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Introduction Since the migration of the first group of homo sapiens from Sub-Saharan Africa millions of years ago, the diversification of the human cranium has grown exponentially. As the population continues to intermix and increase, so will the complexity in the features of the cranium. Diversification of the cranium will not only be unique to the individual, but a key aspect of identifying that individual, if a biological profile were to be compiled by a forensic anthropologist. Henceforth, determining someone 's ancestry from their cranium, is one of the most complicated and unique aspects of the skeleton. So, must be examined with the utmost consideration. To determine the ancestry of a cranium, there are two potential aspects investigated; the morphological features and metric points of the cranium. Morphological determination uses specific features of the skull and is compared to standards already published in literature. Metric, on the other hand, is the use of measurements between specific landmarks on the cranium. Which can then be input into the specialised computer programmes: FORDISC(Ousely & Jantz, 1998) or CRANID(Wright, 1992) to estimate the ancestry of that individual. There are ,however, benefits and flaws to each method, which can affect the reliability and accuracy of the ancestry acclaimed. Morphological (non-metric) Non-metric assessment of ancestry, uses the ascertainment of features of the cranium by the observer and an estimation of the ancestry,
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