The Origin Of English : The Evolution Of The English Language

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The Evolution Of The English Language English is a member of the European family of languages. This broad family includes most of the European languages spoken today such as Latin and the modern French; the Germanic languages (English, German, Swedish); the Slavic languages (Russian, Polish, Czech); the Baltic languages of Latvian and Lithuanian; the Celtic languages (Welsh, Irish Gaelic ); Greek. The source of the words England and English is the West Germanic invaders who came from Jutland and southern Denmark. The earliest inhabitants of the British Isles who have left a mark on the English Language were the Celts. Arriving in Britain around 500BC, and they dominant people until the Romans arrived in the first century AD, the Celts have in fact left very few words – though many English place names have Celtic origins, like London, Dover and Kent, and the rivers Thames & Wye. In 43 BC, a strong and more lasting influence upon the language would arrive in the form of the Roman general Aulus Plautius, who fought off the native tribes to establish himself as the first Roman governor in Britain, and began a period of Roman rule of the British Isles which would last four hundred years. Significantly, though English hasn’t kept many of the words from this era and there were only around 200 Latin words entered the language at this time, most of them nouns related to tradesmen and soldiers, like win– wine, candel– candle and belt– belt. Plautius and his men laid the groundwork
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