The Origins Of Slavery Was Not Caused By Discrimination

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The origins of slavery was not caused because of racism. As rice cultivation expanded in the South, finding white laborers willing to do the arduous work became more difficult. Moreover, white landowners began to feel uneasy about their dependence on a large group of dependent white workers since such workers were difficult to recruit and control. The forcible importation of African workers, and the creation of a system of permanent bonding, was a response to a growing demand for labor. Thus slavery was less a result of racism than of the desire for white landowners to find a reliable and stable workforce. Racism was a result of slavery and was created to justify the treatment of Africans in America and the nature of the slave labor system.
2. The witchcraft controversies were a reflection of the highly religious character of Puritan societies. Belief in witchcraft was not a marginal superstition, rejected by the mainstream. However, it was not engendered from the widespread hysteria. It was actually provoked by a symptom of a persistent set of social and psychological tensions between the poor and the rich. The rich people, including local officials, tried to end the social tensions within a society by charging turbulent poor people who were angry about social and economic grievances. Since Puritan society had little tolerance for independent women, many “witches” were middle-aged, low- class women who were not securely lodged within a male-dominated family structure.
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