The Origins Of Western Civilization

1547 WordsMar 21, 20177 Pages
The early history of Western Civilization began in the middle east approximately five thousand years ago, and slowly moved west into Europe. Tis history is highlighted by the rise of many different kingdoms and empires, each with contribution to modern western culture. The following essay will describe the Ancient Greece, the Assyrians and the Ancient Roman, and the legacy each has the study of western civilization. Between 1100 and 387 BCE, the Greeks evolved from a very primitive agricultural society to the most important cultural and political presence in the Mediterranean world. Their devilment began with a great sense of competition among social classes, individuals and cities, as every Greek tried to gain advantage over the other…show more content…
The biggest philosophers of Ancient Greek were Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. “Socrates 469-399 BCE embarked a whole new perspective of achieving practical results through application of philosophy in our daily lives” (.AncientHistoryLists). Socrates created the “Socratic method” which laid the groundwork for western systems of logic and philosophy. At the end, he was sentenced to death at 399BCE and accepted it. We learned about Socrates through his best student Plato. Plato 427-327 BCE resembled Socrates in every way. “The primary groundwork of Plato’s philosophy is a threefold approach – dialects, ethics and physics, the central point of unison being the theory of forms.” (.AncientHistoryLists). Plato made the first college beside Athens and lived his life to the fullest. One of the best pupils of Plato was Aristotle. Aristotle 384-322 BCE “His interpretation of things was more based on facts learnt from experience one would gain in their lives, an approach that differed from that of his master who preferred a perspective that was beyond the accessibility of physical senses.” (.AncientHistoryLists). At the end, Aristotle was appointed by Phillip 2 of Macedon to educate his son Alexander into a better king. (Book) Macedonia was a northern Greek country and it was ruled by King Philip II. “After Philip’s assassination in 336 his throne passed to his son, Alexander the
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