Essay about The Origins of the Cold War

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The Origins of the Cold War

The Cold War was a state of extreme hostility and confrontation but
without direct militant action between the two world powers, the USSR
and the USA. The USSR and the USA were originally wartime Allies
during the Second World War; however a string of events and issues
caused a built up of suspicion and distrust which finally escalated to
what was known as the Cold War. The start of Cold War can be simply
defined as the period of time whereby both powers were simultaneously
hostile to each other and the idea of peaceful cooperation could not
exist anymore.

Churchill’s Iron Curtain Speech was a warning of Soviet influence
beyond Eastern Europe. Churchill believed
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The Truman Doctrine was an open and direct confrontation of the
Soviets. In it, the Soviets were accused of ‘political oppression’,
‘suppression of personal freedoms’ and were even perceived as ‘evil’
by the Americans. Under the Doctrine, the US policy was to support
people who resisted attempted subjugation by ‘outside pressure’ which
meant the Soviets. The US felt the need to assist the ‘free’ people
against the spread of Communism and saw the Soviets as a threat and an
enemy. This was the first concrete and coherent American foreign
policy towards the USSR. There was no immediate official response from
the Soviet government. However, a few months later, the Soviet ‘Two
Camps Speech’ emerged stating Soviet stand to American aggression. It
stated officially that the USSR was anti- democracy. Also the need to
prevent Western powers’ desire to dominate the world was emphasized;
therefore the policy of cooperation between the Socialist and Liberal
parties would cease to exist. Communist parties in Western European
countries were told to adopt a militant anti-government stance. The
USSR was no longer keen on peaceful cooperation and acknowledged the
fact that the Americans and the Soviets could no longer be allies.
This marked the start of the Cold War as the Truman Doctrine
instigated and caused the end of any form of peaceful…

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