Term Project Oral Cancer Name of the disease: Oral cancer Name: Siqian Wu Instructor: Tania Afroz, MD Class code: Med-200 Section: MO1 Semester: (Spring, 2016) Name of institution: ASA College Date of submission: 04.12.2016 INTRODUCTION Oral cancer is a general term for oral malignant tumor which mostly occurs in the squamous cell, as known as mucosal mutate. In clinical practice, oral cancer include the gums, tongue, soft palate cancer, carcinoma of the mandible, floor of the mouth cancer, oropharyngeal
cancers are occurring every year in United States. Among them, estimated 20% are human papilloma virus (HPV) infected cancers. The tonsil, base of tongue and lingual tonsil, other potentially HPV-associated oropharynx, oral tongue, other oral cavity, larynx, and other HPV-unrelated oropharynx are all to be considered to be different part of head and neck cancer (HNC) in the study (Ryerson et al., 2008). The incidence of oropharyngeal carcinoma has been raised by 10.8% by 2004 since 1991. Distinctively
ph level of the body by bringing in hydrogen, which are located in the oxygen that the respiratory system inhales. This helps tremendously in the aid of maintaining homeostasis, which is critical to the survival of the body. One of the two nasal cavities helps to inhale, thus, bringing in the oxygen that we need for getting hydrogen ions to maintain homeostasis. The diaphragm flattens, thus, aiding in inhalation which goes through the nose.
tubelike structure made of muscle and lined with mucous membrane. The pharynx functions as part of the respiratory and digestive system because it is located behind the nasal cavities and the mouth. It is the structure that we refer to as the throat. It is about twelve and a half centimeters long and consists of three parts; the nasopharynx, oropharynx and the laryngopharynx. (Anatomy.tv, n.d.) The esophagus branches off of the pharynx which carries food to the stomach. Swallowing takes place in the pharynx
In the nasal cavity, there are three little bumps. Now those three little lumps are called the superior, middle, and inferior meatuses. If you remember back to API when you studied the skull and you looked inside of the nasal cavity, there were three little bones on the left and right of the perpendicular plate of ethmoid. And those were the superior, middle, and inferior conchae. So those little lumps you're looking at are the conchae that you learned about before, but they're just covered with
I. INTRODUCTION This is the case of patient MCS, a 62 year old female who came to Ospital ng Guiginto with a chief complaint of productive cough with associated difficulty of breathing & intermittent fever. She was admitted on July 16, 2012. She was diagnosed with Pneumonia with manifestations of Asthma. Pneumonia is an inflammation of the lung parenchyma commonly caused by microbial agents. Classically, pneumonia has been categorized as being bacterial or typical, atypical, anaerobic/cavitary