The Ottoman And The Fall Of The Ottoman Empire

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The Ottomans were initially composed of Turkish tribes who gained most of their power between the 15th and 16th century, however the empire had been growing since the 13th through the accumulation of new territory. Their quick expansion was accomplished through winning many battles. The empire started out in Iran and Mesopotamia, but eventually came to conquer parts of Turkey and Thrace in the 13th century, Bulgaria, eastern Europe, and Constantinople in the 14th century, western Asia and southeast Europe in the 15th century, and Crete in the 16th century before their decline. During the mid to late 1400s, Mehmed II was the Sultan. He conquered territories in Anatolia and the Balkans as well as Constantinople, granting him the title of “The Conqueror.” The fall of Constantinople was extremely significant in the growth of power for the Ottomans because it resulted in the fall of the Byzantines after conflicts between the empires for over a century. Shortly after, Mehmed II obtained the remains of the Byzantine Empire. In the early 1500s, Selim I became sultan. While in power, he extended their land into Syria, the Hejaz, and Egypt. After Selim I conquered the Dulkadir principality of Elbistan, conflict arose between the Ottoman Empire and Syria and Egypt because they had regarded the principality highly. Selim I defeated their armies in the battles of Marj Dabiq, giving him territories in Syria, Egypt, and Palestine. He was also given the key to Mecca-- a sign that he was
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