The Ottoman Empire : The Collapse Of The Ottoman Empire

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THE COLLAPSE OF THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE Student Name Class Date The collapse of the Ottoman Empire in the 1920s is one of the most prominent events in the history of the 20th century. There were many contributing factors to the collapse of this empire, but though it brought an end to the fighting between the Empire and the Allies, the region was still a long way from peace. The Ottoman Empire was created by Turkish tribes and grew into a prominent, powerful state during the 15th and 16th centuries. “The Ottoman period spanned more than 600 years and came to an end only in 1922, when it was replaced by the Turkish Republic and various successor states in southeastern Europe and the Middle East.” From the late 15th century, the Ottoman Empire expanded from a small principality to most of southeastern Europe. The Ottoman Empire was founded on the Islam religion, who warred the Christian Byzantine empire. By the late 14th century, much of the Byzantine empire had been conquered by the Ottoman Turks, and spanning into the 15th century, even more new territories were established under the Ottoman rule. Most of Europe, North Africa, and Western Asia was under the control of the Ottomans, with Constantinople, a large city in the Mediterranean, serving as capital. For centuries, the Empire was a prosperous society, with a strong economy and a powerful military. It remained so until the nineteenth century, when a period of decline began to develop. The Tanzimat period,
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