The Outbreak Of Ebola Virus

1576 WordsOct 12, 20147 Pages
The Ebola virus is a pandemic that is of much concern around the world, lately. It was not always a concern of this magnitude. Ebolavirus is the etiologic agent. It is a relatively new virus, introduced just in 1970. It was first discovered in Sudan and Zaire (it was named after the Ebola river is Zaire). The first outbreak occurred in Sudan infecting about 284 people, with a mortality rate of 53% (Waterman, 1999). Just a few months later, the second strain of the Ebola virus (Eboz) became prevalent in Zaire. It had a much higher mortality rate than the strand in Sudan (Ebola-Sudan) of 88% and is still to this day the strain of Ebola with the highest mortality rate. It infected 318 people during the outbreak of Zaire. Two more strains of this deadly virus were discovered in 1989 and in 1994, but the mortality rate of those not as high as their predecessors. Most of the Ebola cases throughout history were located in western and southern Africa in countries such as Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Nigeria (CDC, 2014). Recently, within the last month, Senegal and the US have seen their first cases of the virus. The new cases have brought the total death count from Ebola to 3493. The virus itself is native to Africa and is extremely prevalent in non-human primates and bats. There is a vast majority of the population in Africa that consumes these infected animals, which is believed to be how humans first contracted the disease (Ehrlich, 2014). Just like any virus, Ebola

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