The Outbreak of War in Europe in 1914 Was Due to an Aggressive Foreign Policy Which Had Been Waged Since 1900 Century’ How Far Do You Agree with This Opinion? Use Sources V, W and X and Your Own Knowledge of the Issues Relating to the Controversy

847 WordsFeb 19, 20134 Pages
‘The outbreak of war in Europe in 1914 was due to an aggressive foreign policy which had been waged since 1900 Century’ How far do you agree with this opinion? Use Sources V, W and X and your own knowledge of the issues relating to the controversy There has been much historiographical debate over the controversy of “who bore chief responsibility” on who was solely to blame for the outbreak of war. The Treaty of Versailles is significant evidence to display how Germany was forced onto the conclusion that they caused the outbreak of war in Europe. Fischer, the provoker of this controversy, states that since 1900 Germany was able to execute a war due to their aggressive Weltpolitik. However, although many historians have agreed with, or…show more content…
Blackbourn believes Tirpitz, Secretary of the Navy, “bores more responsibility” towards Germanys of blame for the war by using this aggressive tactic of Flottenpolitik, agreeing with the argument that Germany used an aggressive policy contributing to the outbreak of the war. Therefore, Sources V and W clearly interlink and agree with Fischer’s thesis on the basis that Germany was attempting expansionism which resulted in tensions between European powers, leading to the outbreak of war. Additional evidence to suggest Germany’s liability for war was the “Dual Alliance” between Germany and Austria Hungary, also known as the blank cheque. John Moses believes that “the two allies persisted during the entire war” presenting how the solid alliance Germany made with Austria Hungary of how she would give unconditional support in any war displays how Germany were taking war preparations by sustaining alliances and extra support. Thus, creating “international tension” and pushing Europe towards a war, displaying Germany’s tactics of foreign policy. This links to Fischer’s thesis, where he concluded that Germany had hoped the ‘Blank Cheque’ would result in war. He also states the Government wanted to be distracted from innerpolitik which is why they was keen for war in order to gain nationalism and patriotism within their country, relating to the theory of Primat der Innerpolitik. Source W tells us "German actions going back to the 1890s had done much to create

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