The victims of the Genocide was the kurdish function. Works Cited Benson, Sonia G. "The Iran-Iraq War: 1980 to 1988." Middle East Conflict, 2nd ed., vol. 1: pp. 233-250. Student Resources In Context, http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/CX4021100021/SUIC?u=j108911&sid=SUIC&xid=08a2ab6a. Accessed 27 Apr. 2018.
This was a war between Iran and Iraq occurring on September 22,1980. This war ended up taking a lot of lives as it’s very tragic. It started off when Iraq attacked Iran along the country's border. Iraq mainly attacked to get there oil producing because of the value they could get. When they attacked it was basically a win for them as they then advanced. When they advanced they went into khuzestan but they came in very cautiously and carefully.
Introduction The Middle East has been the world’s hotspot in terms of political and armed conflict since the end of the Cold War. In the last decade, the region has witnessed the collapse of regimes that have ruled for decades one after the other, some through the intervention by foreign military force and others through revolutions. The US-led invasion of Iraq in 2003 has become one of the most controversial events in international relations as neither the invasion nor the occupation was legal under international law and the fact that the invasion has left Iraq in a state of chaos with no bright future in sight. More importantly, the reasoning behind the intervention remains problematic as Iraq is an oil rich country, but is still struggling
Causes and Effects of the Persian Gulf War The Persian Gulf War, often referred to as Operation Desert Storm, was perhaps one of the most successful war campaigns in the history of warfare. Saddam Hussein, leader of Iraq, invaded Kuwait in 1990. In 1991, after weeks of air strikes, US ground forces entered Iraq and Kuwait and eliminated Iraqi presence in 60 hours.
The Gulf War in 1990 and the invasion of Iraq in 2003 both had a profound impact not just on the countries directly involved - primarily Iraq and the United States (US) - but also on the geo-politics of the world. Arguably, the War ended in a stalemate because the Iraqi regime that had started the War by invading Kuwait remained in power. Perhaps inevitably then, in March 2003 the US and its allies invaded Iraq with the stated aim of overthrowing the regime of Saddam Hussein and destroying that regime's Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD). Some similarities between both Wars are immediately obvious: for example, the same country, the
government officials that were identified as conspirators against the Ba’ath party. (5) His ruthless and brutal dictatorship would bring his country to war with neighboring Iran from 1980 to 1988. Initially a territorial dispute, Hussein would cite Iran’s Islamic fundamentalism as his motives for continued combat and Iraq’s use of chemical weapons. (6) The war resulted in more than 100,000 combat deaths and drove Iraq deep into debt. The military annex of Kuwait in 1991 was intended to absolve Iraq of this financial responsibility to it’s neighbor. (7) The United Nations Security Council, in particular the United States, responded with force to drive Saddam Hussein’s army
Historically, Iran and Iraq’s problems go way back for centuries. There is the obvious difference which is that Iraq is mostly Arab and Iran is Persian. Their cultural differences will be one of the main factors leading up to the war. Both Iran and Iraq have a mass population of
The wars of the Middle East over the past one hundred year are very complicated. When the Ottoman Empire chooses the losing side in WWI, then France and Britain started drawing new borders to the region as a result of the Sykes Picot agreement. After WWII, the United States intervened its force to change the governments of countries in the Middle East. Now, the same behaviors have been continued by the major powers in the world for their own interests, as stated by Jeffrey D. Sachs, the special advisor to the Secretary General of the United Nations on the Millennium development
The Sunni and Shiite branches of Islam have been feuding for hundreds of years dating back to the beginning of the Islamic religion. The deity or god of the Sunnis is Allah. The Sunni branch of Islam is the larger of the two branches with over 80% of the
Iraq has seen many hardships over the last few decades. Their hardships started with an eight-year war over territory with Iran which began in 1980. In 1990, Iraq invaded the country of Kuwait, which led to the Gulf War. Then, Iraq ignored sanctions would not comply with the UN Security Council over weapons of mass destruction. This led to the invasion of Iraq which was led by the United States in March of 2003.
While the October 11, 2001, U.S. invasion of Afghanistan is considered to be rightfully justified by 9/11, there is evidence to show that the January 17, 1991 Operation Desert Storm, which started the issues in the Middle East, was merely justified by the fear of a monopoly on the world’s oil by the ruthless dictator Saddam Hussein. This event is essential to understanding the current War on Terror, given that it is the beginning of the US involvement in the Middle East. Therefore, understanding what occurred in 1990, is necessary to understanding the reasons behind the current War on Terror. On August 1, 1990, the Iraqi dictator, Saddam Hussein, ordered an attack on Iraq’s neighbor Kuwait, who had been a part of Iraq until 1961. Hussein stated that he was simply reuniting what should have never been divided. April Glaspie, U.S.
loyal to the Shah and his regime. He created the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps to protect the revolution within his country and keep the conventional army forces, who remained loyal to the Shah, from rising up against him. He also hoped that the large population of Shi’a Muslims
Iraq is a Middle-Eastern country of diversity and turmoil. The people of Iraq, coming from ethic groups such as Kurdish, Arab, Turkoman, and Assyrian, and holding a nearly 97% Muslim population (CIA World Fact Book), remain a lost peoples fighting to create their new country without the tyranny of
The Iran-Iraq War While the Iran-Iraq War during the 1980's may have permanently altered the course of progress in Iran and Iraq, the war also altered the resulting permanent involvement of the rest of the world in the middle-east. The rich and complicated history in Iraq has established numerous cultural and ethnic traditions that all play a part in where the country is today. The Iran-Iraq War brought into focus some of those traditions and how they conflicted, while also bringing Iraq and its economic situation into the spotlight. Being on top of some of the most mineral rich soil in the world makes Iraq a major contributor to the world's economy through petroleum and crude oil exports. This, among other reasons, ties nations
Persian Gulf War, also called Gulf War, (1990–91), international conflict that was triggered by Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait on August 2, 1990. Iraq’s leader, Saddam Hussein, ordered the invasion and occupation of Kuwait with the apparent aim of acquiring that nation’s large oil reserves, canceling a large debt Iraq owed Kuwait, and expanding Iraqi power in the region1. The Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein claimed as a reason for the invasion a territorial dispute over the Shatt al-Arab, the waterway which forms the boundary between the two countries2. Saddam Hussein believed that Iran was in turmoil and that his forces could achieve quick victory3.