The Outbreak of the Spanish Civil War Essay

1619 Words 7 Pages
The Outbreak of the Spanish Civil War

To this day the Spanish Civil War is still remembered as the single most pivotal moment in the history of Spanish politics. The only way of understanding how 600,000 Spaniards were killed between 1936 and 1939 is to ask ourselves why the civil war broke out in Spain in 1936. There were a number of reasons which led to the civil war in Spain. The main and most significant being the increased political polarization between the left and right wing parties.

This polarization primarily began within Spanish society, which had been characterized by its strong religious beliefs and conservative values, as it remained a strict Roman Catholic country for many
…show more content…
On the other hand, was the conservative nationalists represented by the Church, the army and many large landowners and industrialists. Most of which wanted Spain to return to the Golden Ages of sixteenth century Catholic Spain and were in favour of the Monarchy in order to remain an authoritarian state. This division was highlighted further by a number of pronunciamientos[6] and uprisings between the two sides adding to the increased political tension.

For the right, ‘they saw the defence of religious interests as their fundamental political task.’[7] Whereas, the liberals reflected the increasingly anti-Catholic feeling throughout Spain. Therefore, it can be understood why the liberal views on the Church, and its policies within the second republic to reduce the Church’s power, angered the right wing parties enough for them to retaliate through a number of uprisings throughout Spain. Especially during the declaration of the second republic stating that Spain no longer possessed an official religion.

During the constitutional monarchy of Alfonso CIII, the left was frustrated by the farce of the electoral system[8], which up until the second republic was formed on the 14th April 1931, remained in favour of local bosses, also given
Open Document