The Pacific Theater Of World War II

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The Pacific Theater of World War II ended on September 2, 1945, known as Victory over Japan Day or V-J Day, less than a month after the United States dropped an atomic bomb Hiroshima. The two atomic bombs dropped on Japan are widely seen as the events that eventually broke the enemy’s will to resist and caused Japan to surrender; however this outcome could not have taken place without numerous innovations that took place in the interwar period. Without one of these innovations, it is likely that the other may not have occurred; the innovations had to line up like the holes in slices of Swiss cheese. The United States Marine Corps developed doctrine that allowed successful amphibious operations throughout the Pacific, but ultimately it was the LVT amphibian tractor (AMTRAC) that won World War II in the Pacific Theater for the Allies by allowing US Marines to traverse shallow coral reefs—the natural defensive barriers of Pacific islands—to capture islands that were essential airfields that launched bombers which compelled Japan’s surrender. Amphibious operations are deeply rooted in The United States Marine Corps’s heritage and traditions. The Continental Marine Corps conducted its first amphibious assault against the British fort at New Providence, Bahamas early in 1776. The Marines, commanded by Captain Samuel Nicholas, surprised the British garrison when they landed on the beach under a covering naval bombardment in their first combined land and sea action. Marine
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