The Panels With A Gutter

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Next, both authors utilize structure in order to view problems as humans do, in hindsight, but Spiegelberg does it a bit differently by utilizing the format of the panels with a gutter in between them. First, when Vladek is telling Artie about a letter he received, his silhouette of him sitting on the stationary bike is depicted. As he mentions that the letter came with a photo, a panel containing a picture of a female mouse is drawn tilted, larger, and overlapping his silhouette, as to call attention to the picture instead. Underneath where the picture overlaps, there’s an illustration of Vladek placing the picture in a frame (17). The panels are larger and contain less text, portraying a calmer part of the story, rather than one filled…show more content…
It simply has a drawing of Anja expressing, “But I don’t care. I just don’t want to live” (31). The lack of a gutter here allows for the confusion entailing these emotions, which she expressed in the previous panel, to carry over into the next one and to combine with whatever she feels there. Her character is drawn much larger than any other on that page, which accentuates her slanted eyebrows, slouched posture, and flattened ears, fully grasping a human emotion of confusion and anxiety. The tilted panel allows the reader to clearly sense this emotion from her and create a sense of pathos, for the look on her face is one that is easily related to. Overall, the gutters in between panels and they’re varying displays allow for the mice’s emotional states to become highlighted and clearly referenced to the extremely similar ways humans react to negative occurrences.
Next, Spiegelberg also uses structure in a way that allows for a vivid comparison of time frames, switching from past events to present situations. For instance, as Vladek is telling Artie about Lucia, an old girlfriend, Art interrupts him to ask, “But, Pop… Mom’s name was Anna Zylberberg!” and his father responds with, “All this was before I met Anja- just listen, yes?” (14). These exchanges of dialogue are depicted differently than others because they are introduced while Vladek is telling
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