The Paradoxes of Bangladesh

1980 Words8 Pages
Bangladesh is a country of complex paradoxes; although it has made huge strides in economic growth, poverty reduction and development, the political scene remains volatile. In fact, several historical, social, and conditions and contextual factors remain at play, affecting the democratization process. Drawing upon a procedural definition of democracy, free, fair, and competitive elections and the guarantee of civil rights and civil liberties for the citizenry must exist in order to promote democratization in Bangladesh. Democratization, according to Canadian International Development Agency’s (CIDA) definition, refers to the process of strengthening popular participation, building democratic institutions and practices, and deepening societal democratic values. Despite having the framework of a parliamentary democracy and Western democratic institutions, there has been a downward trend in democratization in Bangladesh. Behind the façade of democracy, instability, weak political institutions, patrimonial politics, patronage, and political polarization exist. In this case, Bangladesh can be potentially classified as an illiberal democracy, or even an electoral autocracy. As such, the country still faces considerable obstacles; the prevention of a reverse wave back to authoritarianism, and the encouragement towards further democratization and democratic consolidation, require further assistance and new approaches in order to address these challenges.
Since the 1990s, the
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