The Parthenon : A Greek Masterpiece

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The Parthenon: A Greek Masterpiece “The most beautiful things in the world are there, Athens…The sumptuous temple of Athena stands out and is well worth a look. It is called the Parthenon and is on the hill above the theatre. It makes a tremendous impression on visitors.” (Heracleides of Crete, 3rd century BC) The Parthenon serves as a refined Greek Doric temple design that took approximately 2 centuries to achieve. This magnificent temple began undergoing construction in 447 BCE by architects Iktinos and Kallikrates as a way to celebrate their victory against the Persians in war. Phidias was another contributor to the beauty of the Parthenon and also created the notorious Athena Parthenos statue, which became the centerpiece that the Parthenon was built around. The architects of the Parthenon wanted to achieve a type of beauty that was erected from proportions that were so precise they had to use certain mathematical formulas to perfect them. The temple itself is not like the typical ancient Greek buildings that contain the same sizing when it comes to columns and width. The Parthenon was like nothing the Greeks had ever achieved before and because of this the structure had a harmonic lifelike appeal. In addition to being an architectural gem, the temple stands in the heart of the Athenian Acropolis and adds to the grand city of Athens’ gusto. The Parthenon is a monumental masterpiece that embodies the culture, religion, and vitality of the Ancient Greek Empire.
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