The Participatory Irrigation Management Policy

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Case study The selected case study investigates the relationship of community (farmers) participation in policy formation towards rural development of Sri Lana. In this case (Merrey et al., 1992) the alternative approaches to encourage public participation was highlighted aiming rural development by participation in irrigation management. Both the government and NGO’s (non-governmental organisations) jointly implemented a series of activities for enhancing farmer participation in irrigation management. It has been a successful intervention and the government incorporated the lessons learnt into the government policy. In 1990 this unique initiative was implemented by the government of Sri Lanka with the development partnership with United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The Irrigation Management Policy Support Activity (IMPSA) followed a systematic process to integrate the experiences, recommendations and guild lines from people from all levels varying from farmers to policy decision making officials in the government to come to a clear consensus to form the participatory irrigation management policy in Sri Lanka (Merrey et al., 1992). The irrigated land area of the county is more than 5700 km3. About 65% this area under major irrigation schemes managed by the Ministry if Irrigation, the rest categorised under minor irrigation schemes and responsibility is vested on the ministry of Agriculture and provincial level government. The focus of the case study
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