The Patriarchal Welfare State, By Carole Pateman

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One subject that lacked in the previous weeks’ readings is gender and its role in urban democracy. The authors gave women faint mentions. As a consequence of societal, political and financial exclusion, the status of women in municipal power dynamics is restricted and minimal. This week’s authors articulated a variety of limitations that prevent women from benefiting from power dynamics in American cities. Through class, theories of citizenship and race, they explain citizenship and its privileges as benefiting male dominance. This paper argues that patriarchal hegemony, along with issues of race/ethnicity and class, make up the root cause of oppression and isolation that women face in municipal democracy. In “The Patriarchal Welfare State,” Carole Pateman outlined her criticism of the modern welfare state, claiming the system as a perpetuation of male dominance. She referenced Hegel who thought, “women…are natural social exiles” adding women are made citizens though traditional means, through the family structure. Women gained societal recognition and citizenship as wives and mothers. On the other hand, men achieved their status, through class and employment, the latter of which women were excluded from, but now find themselves undertaking. Citizenship without independence is just a concept. In society, employees have economic stability (they hold a job), which gives them advanced status and a feeling of societal inclusion. This point makes sense. Employment gives

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