Essay about The Pendleton Act

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In 1883, the Pendleton Act establishing a federal civil service gave an end to government patronage. The federal workers were then hired on competitive exams rather than political influence. Government jobs would now be based on merit, calling for a Progressivism Era. The Populist and Socialists soon emerged then declined. Farmers rose to form the Populist Party, which advocated for shorter workdays and government loans to farmers as well as election reforms. Once their party leader lost in the election, there causes washed-out. Next, the Socialist party formed to put an end to capitalism. The Socialist believed that capitalism was the reason for the large gap between the working poor and rich. Middle and upper class Americans rejected …show more content…
In 1883, the Pendleton Act establishing a federal civil service gave an end to government patronage. The federal workers were then hired on competitive exams rather than political influence. Government jobs would now be based on merit, calling for a Progressivism Era. The Populist and Socialists soon emerged then declined. Farmers rose to form the Populist Party, which advocated for shorter workdays and government loans to farmers as well as election reforms. Once their party leader lost in the election, there causes washed-out. Next, the Socialist party formed to put an end to capitalism. The Socialist believed that capitalism was the reason for the large gap between the working poor and rich. Middle and upper class Americans rejected this view and instead formed the movement of progressivism. Progressives made their way on to the scene with a not so extreme approach. Progressives called to reform government and business to have better working conditions. These conditions can be seen in a excerpt form John Spargo in The Bitter Cry of the Children, “Sometimes there is a worse accident: a terrified shriek is heard, and a boy is mangled and torn in the machinery, or disappears in the chute to be picked out later smothered and dead. Clouds of dust fill the breakers and are inhaled by the boys, laying the foundations for asthma and miners’ consumption” (Reading 12: p. 2). The coal industry was no place for a child, especially in conditions where death is at stake for such a

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