The Peninsular War ( 1807-1814 )

1921 Words Dec 7th, 2015 8 Pages
The Peninsular War (1807–1814) was a military conflict between Napoleonic France and the allied powers of Spain, Britain, and Portugal for control of the Iberian Peninsula during the Napoleonic Wars. The war started when the French and Spanish armies invaded and occupied Portugal in 1807, and escalated in 1808 when France turned on Spain, its only ally at the time. The war on the peninsula would last until the Sixth Coalition defeated Napoleon in 1814. This would be regarded as one of the first wars of national liberation, significant because of the emergence of guerrilla warfare.

The Peninsular War, would also overlaps with what the Spanish-speaking world calls the (Spanish War of Independence), which began on the May 2,1808 and ended on the April 17, 1814. The French occupation destroyed the Spanish administration, which fragmented into quarrelling segment of the Spanish government. In 1810, a reconstituted national government, the Cádiz Cortes. The British and Portuguese armies would eventually take control of Portugal. With this new found position the British and Portuguese would use this as a point of location to campaigns against the French army. They would also use this as a way to provide whatever supplies they could to the Spanish, so that the Spanish armies and guerrillas could tie down a sizeable amount of Napoleon 's troops.
The years of fighting in Spain was a heavy burden on France 's Grande Armée. While the French were victorious in battle, their…
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