Essay on The Performance Appraisal

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Introduction Performance appraisal is a process that structures your relationship with employees while providing a legal protection for your company (DelPo, 2007: 8). Traditionally, performance appraisal has been the responsibility of the immediate manager, following the belief that direct managers are the best source of performance feedback (Barnes-Farrell, 2001). Performance expectations/ outputs and critical aspects of performance are determined from job analysis and set as standards or goals. Often, performance requirement are defined in behavioral terms and measured using calibrated or anchored scale, ranging from low to highly effective. The focus of appraisal is the comparison of the actual performance to performance expectations,…show more content…
Under performance appraisal, managers are encouraged to use regular interaction to create opportunities to convey understanding of multi-level performance objectives and to shape performance through continuous discussion and feedback (Grote, 1996). A concern over precise measurement and instrumentation has connected the term performance appraisal more with the annual appraisal interview and not with the ongoing process (Wong and Snell, 2003). As a reaction to the widespread dissatisfaction associated with performance appraisal as typically practiced, more needs to be improved. This study will focus on the impact of performance appraisal approach on employees and also investigate the relation between performance appraisal and employees performance. This is generally evaluated on a five criteria: (a) employee development potential, (b) administrative ease, (c) personnel research potential, (d) cost, and (e) validity (Milkovich and Newman, 2002). Literature Review Bowen and Ostroff (2004: 203-204) contend that the guiding logic for a performance appraisal system must develop employees’ skills, knowledge, and motivation such that the “employees behave in ways that are instrumental to the implementation of a

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