The Performance Of Students With Disabilities

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Increasingly young children with disabilities are being served in inclusive environments the least restrictive environment is within the general education setting unless the severity level of the disability makes this impossible. While inclusion emphasizes the need to educate students with disabilities in the regular educational setting, it is much more than just the physical placement of a student with disabilities in this setting (Allen & Cowdery, 2009). The past several years has also seen an increased emphasis on accountability for schools and educators which has primarily been defined as the performance of students on high stakes testing. The teacher’s ability to teach academic content is then inferred from the performance on these…show more content…
They include skills such as planning, organizing, time management, working memory, metacognition, response inhibition, self-regulation of affect, task initiation, flexibility, and goal-directed persistence (Dawson & Guare, 2004) which assist us in finishing our work and result in purposeful, goal directed behaviors that impact cognitive functioning, emotional regulation, behavior, and social interaction (Salt & Redshaw, 2006; Ciccantelli & Vakil, 2010).
While these complex executive functions may provide a challenge to many young children, they are especially challenging to young children with disabilities who struggle with social and academic situations at the informal level and more formal level, the kindergarten classroom. Young children with mild disabilities such as autism, attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity, specific learning disorders, , emotional disturbances struggle with skills involving planning, organization and abstract thinking. Other children may not meet the criteria for an identified disorder; however, nonetheless have an area of relative need in this (Hosenbocus & Chahal , 2012). Difficulty with executive functions relative to the child’s age level may result in additional barriers both with academic tasks and with social interactions. Children who tend to respond impulsively, have difficulties with memory,
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