The Periodontal Disease ( Dental Plaque )

1236 Words Oct 16th, 2016 5 Pages
The periodontal diseases are highly prevalent and can affect up to 90% of the worldwide population. Gingivitis ,the mildest form of periodontal disease, is caused by the bacterial biofilm (dental plaque) that accumulates on teeth adjacent to the gingiva (gums). However, gingivitis does not affect the underlying supporting structures of the teeth and is reversible. Gingivitis, the mildest form of periodontal disease ,is highly prevalent and readily reversible by simple, effective oral hygiene. Gingivitis affects 50–90% of adults worldwide, depending on its precise definition3.

Inflammation that extends deep into the tissues and causes loss of supporting connective tissue and alveolar bone is known as periodontitis. Periodontitis results in the formation of soft tissue pockets or deepened crevices between the gingiva and tooth root. Severe periodontitis can result in loosening of teeth, occasional pain and discomfort, impaired mastication, and eventual tooth loss. Although prevalence estimates differ on the basis of how the disease is defined, the prevalence, severity, and rate of disease progression clearly varies worldwide.4,5. Periodontitis is generally more prevalent in developing countries,6 although disease may not necessarily be extensive or severe in indigenous populations 7.

Classification of periodontal diseases and conditions :

On October 30–November 2,…
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