The Pershing Missile System : Cold War Evolution

1756 Words Sep 16th, 2016 8 Pages
The Pershing Missile System
Cold War Evolution
Introduction
In 1949, the continued presence of the United States Army in Europe was guaranteed by the formation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in order to prevent the expansion of the Soviet Union into Western Europe. NATO’s goal was to provide mutual protection to any member nation in the event it was attacked by an outside aggressor. The United States played a major role by providing the bulk of soldiers and weapons to defend Europe as well to show it was interested in the recovery of Western Europe without the threat of Communism. In the years after World War II, German scientists and engineers who had been responsible for the development of the German rocket program were gathered up by the United States in order to both deny the USSR and allied nations from acquiring the advanced technologies and for the advancement of America’s first missile program. The result was the Army’s Redstone missile, developed in the early 1950’s. It would be the first missile to carry a nuclear warhead. However, the Army’s nuclear strategy shifted to that of a more mobile and rapid response delivery vehicle. The Redstone utilized liquid fuel, which required it to be fueled just prior to launch, decreasing response time in a retaliatory or first strike scenario. With the advent of solid fueled rockets that could be stored, ready to launch, the Redstone was rendered obsolete. The U.S. Army had already…
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