The Perspective : Crime And Science Meet

1395 WordsApr 19, 20176 Pages
Biosocial Perspective: Crime and Science Meet As time continues to progress so does science and from this has come out many criminological perspectives—including feminist, Marxist, and modern biosocial, but what is the purpose of each perspective? And more importantly, how do they benefit traditional criminological theories? Simply put the purpose of each perspective to take a look at something that traditional theories ignored while also explaining why it’s important we take a look at this ideal when considering why crime might occur. For the sake of this paper, the focus will be placed on modern biosocial perspective and the vast benefits it has brought and will continue to bring to the field of criminology. Modern Biosocial Perspective…show more content…
However, these theories had negative policy implications through a eugenics movement which encouraged the sterilization of criminals, voluntary or not, euthanasia (Rose, 2000), chemical castration, and preventative incapacitation (Simon, 2006), to name a few. While this might be a dark part of history in criminology it’s important it’s addressed because biosocial grew out of this dark past once science began to advance and once the notions of eugenics and determinism were no longer found in criminology (Gibson & Rafter, 2006). Through twin studies and DNA testing, scientists have found that there is a link between genetics and criminality but that those genetics and biochemical imbalances do not determine an assured life of crime just because you have a father that is in the criminal justice system (Mednick et al., 1977). Rather, it’s a mix of biology and environment that can create a criminal or not. Discussion Application of Biosocial Perspective to Traditional Theories One of the great benefits of the biosocial perspective is how it can be applied to various traditional theories like general strain theory, social learning, and self-control (Wright & Boisvert, 2009). Examples of the application of biosocial to the previously mentioned theories can be seen in self-control. When you consider the science of our brains, it has been found that self-control is
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