The Phenomenology And Humanistic Approach

1157 Words Dec 1st, 2015 5 Pages
After taking this course, I now have a better understanding of who I am as a person. Personality is the combination of characteristics or qualities that form an individual 's distinctive character. To help define behavior we used five approaches. The five approaches include the phenomenology/humanistic approach, biological approach, psychoanalytic approach, trait approach, and the cognitive approach.
The first approach is called the phenomenology/humanistic approach. Phenomenology is one’s experience of the world. This approach says that people are innately good and is motivated to reach their full potential (Personality). Carl Rogers is the man who is most often associated with this approach as well as Abraham Maslow. Carl Rogers said life experiences is the basic component of growth and wellbeing. Abraham Maslow had a hierarchy of needs in order to reach one’s full potential. At the top of this list of this hierarchy is self-actualization (Personality).
The next approach is the biological approach. Psychologists like Hans Eysenck believe that genetics are the primary determining factor of personality even though he also thinks conditioning plays a role (Cherry). This approach studies temperament which is the innate personality features or dispositions. Also twin studies have been done using this approach. Researchers have studied and proved that identical twins raised together are more similar than fraternal twins raised together in traits like constraint, emotionality…
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