The Philippine Administrative System

1709 Words Jul 2nd, 2013 7 Pages
The Philippine Administrative System

When talking about Philippine Administrative System, first thing that comes to mind is about the government and its political divisions in the country. It is about the nations’s political hierarchy such as the central government, provinces, municipalities and barangay. However, these divisions and subdivisions can be attributed to our past history. It is not a plant that simply blooms from nowhere. The Philippine Administrative System is dynamic, shaped and evolved through time. From Spanish colonial period to the present administration, the mode of bureacracy is adopted, patterned and improved depending on the needs and wants of the administration. Needs, in terms of the welfare of the society. Wants,
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Unity of elite and masses resulted to the Philippine independence in 1896 as well as freedom from authoritarian rule in 1986 EDSA revolution. The abovementioned national identity can be attributed to the unity of the elites and the masses since they only have one goal and that is freedom. According to Fartz Fanon (1961), national consciousness should embrace the innermost hopes of the whole people. Hence, it is only compared to any case of an empty shell. An idea of what it might have been. It is considered as traditional weakness which is present in most under-developed country. It cannot only be attributed to the result of the colonization period but also to the intellectual laziness of the nation. Ignorance and lack of information can be a good example. History teaches us to appreciate the past and learned from them. However, it was ignored and the process of enlightenment was not revealed.

Spaniards and Americans ruled us through bureacracy thereby bureaucratic form of government was instilled in the minds of the Filipinos. Centralization connotes bureacracy. Centralization, as stated in various readings about the administrative system, started during the Spanish period. There is a need for the Spaniards to centralize the country for the purpose of consolidation of their power. Only the governors-general had the political authority to rule the nation. During the post-colonial period, several bureacratic reforms were implemented however, most of it