The Philippines Needs Tobacco Control Programs

2231 Words Jun 18th, 2018 9 Pages
Introduction
In the 20th century, the tobacco epidemic worldwide killed 100 million people. In the 21st century, the tobacco epidemic could kill 1 billion. In one in ten adults worldwide, about 5 million deaths per year, the cause of death is smoking, and if the present smoking pattern persists, the proportion will be one in six by the year 2030, about 10 million deaths per year (World bank, 1999). Among the people alive today, it shows that about 500 million will eventually be killed by tobacco (Peto & et al, 1994).
Smoking is an extraordinarily significant cause of untimely death and disability since the 1950’s, and more than 70,000 articles are able to support it. For several decades where cigarette smoking has been common in
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Department of Health and Human Services, 2004).

Passive smoking

Passive, involuntary, or secondhand smoking is the inhalation of other people’s. “It is either from “side-stream” smoke from the burning tip of the cigarette or from the “mainstream” smoke exhaled by the smoker” (Gardezi, 2005). In the side stream smoke, in higher concentrations, there are a lot of potentially toxic gases that are present than the mainstream smoke and nearly 85% of the smoke in a room results from the side stream smoke (Schick & Glantz, 2005).

To a large extent, people are underestimating the health risks of passive or second hand smoking. A number of the direct effects include cough, sore throat, nausea, headache, dizziness and eye irritation. In children, new cases of asthma may possibly be induced, while adults with asthma can have an incidence of decline in lung function. (Gardezi, 2005).

National Tobacco Control Initiative
The Philippines signed the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) in 2003 and became a Full Party after the Senate authorized the treaty in 2005. The Senate also passed the Republic Act 9211 or Tobacco Regulatory Act of 2003. Passage of Republic Act 9334 or “Sin tax Law”, provides for an increase in taxes every two years beginning 2005 until 2010. Moreover, it also provides that 2.5% of the incremental income shall be endorsed to the account of the DOH for its disease
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