The Philosophical Area Of Dualism Essay

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‘I Rightly Conclude That My Essence Consists Solely In The Fact That I Am A Thinking Thing.’ How Does Descartes Argue For This Conclusion? Is He Right That Our Essence Cannot Be Physical?
In the philosophical area of dualism, the positions that mental phenomena are, in some respects, non-physical, or that the mind and body are not identical are investigated. In Descartes’ Meditations II and VI, he stated “I consider myself as having a face, hands, arms, and all that system of members composed on bones and flesh as seen in a corpse which I designated by the name body” (Descartes 1641, 9). Even with this information, he concluded that his “essence consists solely in the fact that (he) is a thinking thing” (Descartes 1641, 28). It is obvious that he assumes that his essence cannot be physical, even though he possesses physicality, but that there is more to his existence than just the ownership of a body. Throughout Meditation II and Meditation VI from Meditations on First Philosophy, he argues his conclusion by the use of various examples and thoughts of his own to highlight that he believes that we do exist, that people contain a deeper being in their soul (which, can be argued, is where essence is found), and how the mind and body works when it comes to gaining experience and feeling sensations.
In this paper, I will define pertinent lexicon terms as they are used in the bounds of Descartes’ Meditation II and Meditation VI from Meditations on First Philosophy to allow for
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