The Philosophical View Of Empiricism

1382 WordsJun 28, 20176 Pages
Today in society, many people are free to follow which ever philosophical view that they feel is right for them. Each philosophical view has a different set of beliefs, and many philosophers went through great lengths to prove that the philosophical view of their choice was the best one. In this paper I will be talking about two philosophical theories. The first one is called Empiricism, and it was made famous by a philosopher named David Hume. Empiricism states that our knowledge should come from sensory experience, impressions, and observation. The other philosophical view I will be taking about is called Rationalism. Many people who don’t agree with empiricism lean more towards Rationalism. Rationalism was made famous by a…show more content…
With thoughts, your mind thinks about certain feelings, but you don’t experience them first hand. With impression, you experience things such as hearing, seeing, and feeling first hand, instead of just thinking about them. For example, an impression can be used to describe a man who is “in fit of anger” , and a man who is thinking about anger, but not actually in a “fit of anger” would be considered to be a thought. A thought can also be considered as an idea. Hume describe ideas as being “less vivacious than impressions”. He feels that impressions are drawn from memory or imagination, thus causing them to be less lively and vivid. Our mind consist of many complex ideas, and according to Hume these ideas are the things that influence our imagination. He claims that complex ideas are combined into one big idea, thus resulting to a single idea. For example, when we think of a golden mountain, our mind use the memories we have of the color gold, and the memories we have of a mountain, and combine the two into a single image of a golden mountain. Another example is our idea of God. When we think of the supremely good and intelligent nature of God, we are doing nothing more than, comparing his goodness to the goodness of a human beings. Hume claims that we can only have knowledge of things that we have experienced before. Since a blind man can’t see, his knowledge of the colors will be very limited. The only way
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