The Philosophies Of Science And Nursing Science

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Module 2.1 Worldviews Discuss the worldviews of science (perceived, received, etc.) that influence nursing theory development and nursing science. The worldviews of science include two different pieces: Perceived view and received view. Empiricism and positivism are two major characteristics of received view. McEwen and Wills (2007) state that “empiricism is founded on the belief that what is experienced is what exists” (p. 515). In other words, one’s experiences determine what we know. This knowledge from our experiences, must be confirmed by scientific support. McEwen and Wills (2007) go on to say that “these experiences be verified through scientific methodology” (p.8). Positivism or more specifically, logical positivism, is “maintained that science is value free, independent of the scientist, and obtained using objective methods” (McEwen & Wills, 2007, p.8). This leads to no biased interpretation of the data. In summary, objectivity and facts are the basis of received view. Perceived view can be seen as the opposite of received view. In perceived view, also known as interpretive views, phenomenology and constructivism are two major characteristics. Phenomenology can be described as “emphasis of the appearance of things and not things themselves, each individual experience is unique, and can have multiple interpretations of reality” (Bargagliotti, n.d.). Overall, this means that people can have different interpretations of a same experience. Constructivism

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