The Philosophy And Philosophy Of Ibn Al- ø Arab ƒ™

765 Words4 Pages
Category: Religion/Philosophy/Islamic Philosophy and Theology
The main themes of the book consist of epistemological tools, i.e. revelation, the human intellect, inspiration-unveiling used by Ibn al-ʿArabī and Ibn Taymiyya, and a theological subject, the divine names and attributes that they have detailed elaborations on it.
Synopsis: The purpose of the book is to focus on potential similarities found in epistemological hierarchies of Ibn al-ʿArabī (d. 1240) and Ibn Taymiyya (d. 1328), and reflections of these similarities on their theologies. At the first part of the book, which comprises of two chapters, I examine revelation, the human intellect, and inspiration-unveiling as epistemological means used by both Ibn al-ʿArabī and Ibn Taymiyya. Both of them claim to have followed precisely the Quran and hadiths of the Prophet Muhammad when religious knowledge is in question. Unlike some philosophers and Kalam theologians, who may consider the human intellect valuable equally with the revelation, Ibn al-ʿArabī and Ibn Taymiyya affirm the highest status of the Quran and hadiths indisputably. Having confirmed the most elevated status of the revelation, namely the Quran and hadiths, they differ prominently. For Ibn al-ʿArabī the most reliable way of religious knowledge is unveiling while for Ibn Taymiyya, the human intellect must be given precedence over unveiling. Therefore, it can be said that the epistemological hierarchy of Ibn al-ʿArabī is constituted with the revelation,

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