The Philosophy That Underlies The Counseling Profession

1455 Words Oct 15th, 2015 6 Pages
The philosophy that underlies the counseling profession is unique among mental health professionals. According to Remley & Herlihy (2014), the philosophy is made up of four components. First, counselor 's view mental health challenges through a positive, wellness-oriented lens. The primary goal of the wellness model is for the client to achieve the highest degree of mental health possible. Psychiatrists, psychologists, and social workers follow the medical model of mental health. The goal of these clinicians is to cure the client’s illness, which differs drastically from counselor’s view of clients. Second, counselors believe most mental health challenges are developmental in nature. Therefore, counselors must have an understanding of human growth and development to be effective in their work. A client may experience developmental challenges that resulted in emotional dysfunction and the development of maladaptive coping skills. Counselors view this process as normal and natural in the development of human beings. Third, when possible counselors prefer prevention and early intervention, instead of remediation, of mental health challenges. This philosophy emphasizes the importance of psychoeducation to prevent psychological problems from existing and increasing in severity. Also, counselors feel the therapeutic process is beneficial to everyone even without a diagnosable mental health condition. Fourth, the goal of counseling is to empower individuals to resolve their…
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