The Physical Domain For Infants

1849 WordsOct 20, 20148 Pages
The physical domain for infants includes the most growth in any period of time in the child’s life (Berk, 2012, p. 162). Almost every part of the infant’s body grows during the first year. During the middle of that year, the infant will gain the infamous “baby fat” that creates a round, full face but will not have the muscular strength to possess physical coordination (Berk, 2012, p. 162). This explains why infants often need to be held by an adult or allowed to lay on the floor or in a crib. They are not physically able to support themselves, especially their seemingly unproportional head. A child’s head is said to be “one-fourth of the total body length” (Berk, 2012, p. 162). The head must be supported during the first few months after birth due to the fact that it is fragile. The bones in the skull are separated by several gaps that create “soft spots” and allow the child’s brain to grow before beginning to fuse together (Berk, 2012, p. 162). As the senses begin to become more complex, the infant is able to start motor function in the first few months. Gross motor movement, “the control over actions that help infants get around in the environment”, and fine motor movements, “smaller movements”, both are seen over a progression of time (Berk, 2012, p. 183). The infants are able to move around by themselves through methods, such as crawling, while also learning to grasp certain objects with their hands. The child observed, bbh, loved to grasp different objects,
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