The Picture Of Dorian Gray

Decent Essays
When looking at Frankenstein and The Picture of Dorian Gray, it is clear that Frankenstein is a novel that can be placed into both the gothic and horror genre, although it is a gothic novel secondary to it being a horror novel; The picture of Dorian Gray isn’t so clear in this regard. On a first reading, one may assume the story to be gothic literature and only gothic literature because of the sheer amount of gothic characteristics and elements that the text presents that include, but are not limited to; byronic heroism, a dark and gloomy setting, screams or exclaims in different parts of a building or area, and death. Whilst some of these characteristics exist in both the horror and gothic genre, some of them exist prominently in the gothic, such as byronic heroism. That is not to say that byronic heroism is not found at all in the horror genre, but it is not a repeating and prominent element like it is in the gothic. To fully understand why Frankenstein is a horror novel, one has to go into the definition of the genre itself. The horror genre exists to scare the reader by presenting the unexpected. It is meant to evoke in the reader a response of fear or uneasiness and Shelly illustrates this with the sudden appearance of the Frankenstein’s monster throughout the story, the first being: “As I said these words, I perceived in the gloom a figure which stole from behind a clump of trees near me; I stood fixed, gazing intently: I could not be mistaken. A flash of lightning
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