The Pioneer Of Attachment Theory By John Bowlby

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As human beings, we are fundamentally alone. We come into this world alone and eventually we must die alone, yet, paradoxically, throughout our lives we are inextricably linked to others (O’Donohue & Cucciare, 2010). From birth human infants have a significant period of immaturity and remain dependant on caregivers for a number of years (Dozier & Rutter, 2008). The nature of the early caregiver-infant relationship and the impact this has on later development has been studied over the past century (Bretherton & Munholland, 2008). More specifically, the emotional bond between adult caregiver and child is thought to be vital in laying the foundation on which the child understands themself and the world around them (Speiker, Oxford, Kelly,…show more content…
Next, I will discuss the main research findings associated with attachment disorders during childhood, highlighting the importance of defining the narrow definition of an attachment disorder to guide assessment and treatment. I then will turn to the assessment of attachment in clinical settings and the methodological issues associated with translating research-based assessments into practice. Finally, I will focus on treatment describing some interventions that are closely derived from attachment theory and the dangers of misapplying attachment theory to practice.

Development of Attachment

Attachment serves the purpose of promoting closeness between infants with their adult caregivers who are responsible for comforting, nurturing and protecting them (Breidensteine, Bailey, Zeanah & Larrieu, 2011). Bowlby (1958) developed attachment theory to explain young children’s behaviours in ethological terms, positing that infants have developed an adaptive system directed towards their adult caregivers to elicit attention and care (Del Giudice, 2009). These biological driven behaviours, such as crying or clinging to a recognised and consistent caregiver
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