The Pioneers Of Modern Nursing

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Nursing dates back to the beginning of time, but it wasn’t until the Roman Empire in 300 C.E. that you start to see an organized field that resembles modern times. Nurses during that period were called hypourgoi and consisted of both male and females. The emperor called for a hospital to be placed in every town under Roman command setting the standard for hospital care going forward. During the middle ages, there weren’t any major improvements in healthcare. Nursing didn’t experience substantial change until the 19th century and has continued to evolve into the respected profession it is today. While the contributions for nursing were numerous, this paper will examine three pioneers of modern nursing.
“Dorothea Lynde Dix was born in Hampden, Maine on April 4th, 1802.” Dix’s pioneering efforts in the mental health field stemmed from having a mentally ill mother and alcoholic father. Most of her childhood was spent living with her grandparents in Boston, Massachusetts. She often cites her early years as being a rather unhappy time period.
She was a school teacher for 24 years before she embarked on her nursing journey. At the age of 39, she became a nurse, but was never educated as modern nurse. It was upon visiting Cambridge House of Corrections, in 1941, that a spark from within started a fire. Mrs. Dix, started seeking reform of all mental wards and prisons after seeing the deplorable conditions in which patients were left. In the following years, she established 32 new
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