The Planning Control Link : The Basic Function Of Management Essay

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The planning control link:-
Planning:-
It is the basic function of management. It deals with chalking out a future course of action & deciding in advance the most appropriate course of actions for achievement of pre-determined goals.

1)Goals-
 Planning requires a systematic approach.
Planning starts with the setting of goals
Setting of goals by which it means to work for the vision of the organisation to set a goal for which the plan is to be laid
2)objectives- Planning requires a systematic approach.
 Planning starts with the setting of goals and objectives to be achieved.
 Objectives provide a rationale for undertaking various activities as well as indicate direction of efforts.
 Moreover objectives focus the attention of managers on the end results to be achieved.
 As a matter of fact, objectives provide nucleus to the planning process. Therefore, objectives should be stated in a clear, precise and unambiguous language. Otherwise the activities undertaken are bound to be ineffective.

3)strategies-
 Strategic Plans:
 These plans apply to entire organization and establish the organization’s overall goals. They define the long term course of action for an organization in the light of its environment.
 Strategic Plans are broad.
 They precede Operational planning.
 They are formulated usually by top management
 Operational Plans/Tactical Plans:
 Plans that encompass a particular operational area of organization are called operational plans.
 They are narrow.

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