The Police Foundation Is A Foundation Advancing Policing Through Innovation And Science

940 WordsMar 23, 20174 Pages
Crimes usually occur in smaller, less vacant areas. Strangely enough, including locations, crimes usually tends to concentrate at certain times of the day and week. The National Institute of Justice, NIJ, gave examples of what time frames crimes occur. Some of these examples included assault, burglary, and driving under the influence. Assaults usually occur between 3 a.m and 7 a.m when streets are empty, home burglaries usually occur during the daytime when the homeowners are away, and driving under the influence occurs more frequently in areas with a large number of bars and liquor stores (NIJ, 2009). Hot Spot policing is highly effective, and many police leaders use the term to describe their policing strategy (Telep and Weisburd,…show more content…
Weisburd produced evidence to show that the introduction of a crime prevention strategy in a small, high-crime area often creates some type of diffusion of benefits to nearby areas (NIJ, 2009). Which means it has reduced crime rather than increasing it in the zone around the targeted areas. Crimes don’t depend on just the criminals, but also on policing in the key places and other factors (Clarke and Weisburd, 1994). For example, the placement of fences, alleys and other environmental factors that could easily make for a high crime location. With Hot Spot policing, officers would monitor the high crime areas more often. This means that at least every couple of hours, police officers should basically scope the hot spot areas by driving around them. In addition to the police officers who drive around every couple of hours, there should be a police officer in the areas during the times the crimes usually occur as a way of deterring. If people know there are police officers constantly around, they would not commit the crimes. The Policy makers have the idea that forceful police action to suppress crime and disorder in one location would displace the problem to adjacent areas, this is called the displacement effect. In fact, evidence suggests a mirror image of this, the diffusion effect (Braga, AA, 2001:1). Instead of adjacent areas suffering from displaced crime, the benefits of police action have a positive ‘knock on’ effect beyond

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