Essay The Policies Of The Palestine Liberation Organisation

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The Policies Of The Palestine Liberation Organisation Before 1964, most Palestinians hoped that Arab states nearby would destroy the state of Israel. Inspired by Nasser in Egypt, they expected him to lead an Arab army in a campaign to successfully destroy Israeli power. However, time passed, and little progress was made, leading to many Palestinians becoming disillusioned with the help they received from the Arab states that they were relying on. Instead, they began to set up their own organisations, to defend Palestinian rights, and to fight against the state of Israel. One of the first of these was called ‘Fatah’. Set up in 1959 by Palestinian exiles in Kuwait, its leader was a young…show more content…
Palestine should be an Arab state. These views were stated in the Palestinian National Charter, a document that set out the key principles of the PLO. It was originally written in 1964, but revised in 1968. Yet Arafat had many problems. Fatah was the biggest group in the PLO, but there were many others as well, meaning a very loose structure to the organisation. Many of these groups took a much harder line than Fatah, and were based in Syria. Another important policy was that the PLO insisted that Armed Struggle was the best way to liberate Palestine. Arafat launched a guerrilla war on the Israelis, driven by the success of the Algerian Nationalists in driving the French from Algeria. But in this case, the Israeli forces were too strong, and the war failed. With this failure, the PLO decided to launch attacks on Israeli civilians, and civilian targets, these acts condemned as terrorism. Mainly carried out by splinter groups of the PLO, the main body did play a part in the attacks. In 1970, 3 airliners were hijacked, and destroyed in Jordan, gaining massive publicity for the organisation. In 1972, Black September, a group in the PLO, was responsible for the deaths of 11 Israeli athletes at the Munich Olympic games. 26 Israeli civilians were killed by Japanese supporters of a group in the organisation at Lod airport, and in 1976, another
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