The Political And Cultural Consequences Of The Revolution Of 1911

1025 Words5 Pages
On May fourth, 1919, Beijing's Gate of Heavenly Peace witnessed a massive demonstration. Some 3000 students from 13 universities gathered in the space in front of the gate to condemn Japan's infamous twenty-one demands and Versailles Peace Treaty. The Post-World War I peace conference granted the Qingdao in the Shandong peninsula to Japan. The students who feared the dismemberment of their country protested that China's sovereignty over Shandong had been repudiated. The failure of Chinese diplomats to recover the city infuriated Chinese intellectuals who accused the Beiyang government of collusion with Japan.
Although the movement was a national reaction to imperialism, China's intellectuals analyzed that the imperialism was not the only threat to their nation; the considerable part of the problem was domestic. If in 1911, revolutionaries revolted against Manchus as non-Chinese outsiders in 1919, students would have recognized that the traitors were Chinese. The May fourth incident was an epochal event in Chinese history, and it is regarded as the turning point in modern Chinese history. It emerged during the early republican era and underscored the potential for radical change that the revolution of 1911 had unleashed. The attempt of this paper is to redefine the movement regarding modernity, democracy, and human rights, and illustrate the political and cultural consequences of it as the beginning of China's revolutionary era and the new stage after the Xinhai revolution.
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