The Political And Social Changes Of Canada During Post Wwii

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Tensions between the linguistic divide in Canada during post WWII would set into place long term political and social changes for generations to onward. The up rise in support of Quebec nationalism began to pose significant challenges to Canadian confederation following the October crisis of 1970. It is proposed the events that occurred during the October Crisis solidified the separatist efforts of the Parti Québécois and later contributed to a referendum question on Quebec nationalism in 1980. In looking to establish the long term effects of how Quebec’s separatist efforts sense 1970 sought to change the political and social atmosphere of Canada, this paper will examine the casual factors towards the October crisis that would see…show more content…
To begin, this paper will first address the causation of the 1970 October Crisis and the origins of Quebec autonomy through separation. Going back to the election of Jean Lesage and the Quiet Revolution in 1960’s, it marked a period in which provincial autonomy would inspire nationalism. Elected under the phrase ‘It’s time for a change’, Jean Lesage would implement an attitude of high modernism that saw the secularization of industry, education and healthcare. By extension of the high modernist attitude, projects such as the nationalization of Quebec Hydro also saw the construction of large scale projects furthering provincial autonomy through job creation and wealth. The Hydro Quebec project under Minister Rene Levesque would become an important symbol in Québec by showing the ingenuity of the Québécois to complete such an ambitious project . Through the strengthening of a Québécois identity during the Quiet Revolution,iIt would further motivate existing nationalist organizations to push the provincial government for greater independence. Separatist groups such as the Ralliement National, CSN and Front de Liberation du Québec began as municipal and grassroots organizations advocating for greater provincial autonomy through separation. These separatist groups were also driven by a suppression of French identity by an English minority in the province, issues of economic inequality and bilingualism further motivated francophone
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