The chaos that followed in the wake of World War I allowed and encouraged the establishment of totalitarian regimes. Totalitarianism is a system of government that is centralized and dictatorial and required complete subservience to the state. It took place in Germany, Italy,and Japan. This type of militarism went on in many different countries and for many different reasons.
World War II is argumentatively one of the largest events in war history. World War II changed that world and everyone who lived during those six years. Many people believe that Adolf Hitler was the central cause for the war, however, it is important to understand that there are many other causes. These include: Treaty of Versailles, Fascism, Hitler and the Nazi party, the Great Depression, and appeasement. It would be extremely difficult to place blame on only one specific person or event for World War II. However, a mixture of many things can and may however hold the blame for World War II. It is crucial to understand the impact that World War II left countries throughout the world, especially since only eight countries declared neutrality during this wartime. Even though only eight countries remained neutral during WWII, it does not mean that every other country in the world was heavily involved in the world. Even countries who were not heavily involved in the war, were still effected by the war itself.
World War II. World War II began 20 short years after World War I occurred. There were many memorable and momentous events that have occurred during this World War. The events that happened before the war is just as important as the events that happened during the war. It all began with the ideas of Adolf Hitler, the leader of Germany and Head of the Nazi Party. Hitler planned on making Germany the Third Reich by expanding and creating an “Aryan” racial state. Hitler believed that the superior nations had the right to lebensraum. Lebensraum was living space through expansion. Lebensraum gave the superior individuals the ability to gain authoritarian leadership. This is how Hitler came to power. While Spain was fighting
After World War I legacy the Great Depression brought isolationism. The best work produced by President Roosevelt was the Four Freedoms; freedom of speech, freedom of worship, freedom from want, and freedom from fear. President Roosevelt was the leader of the Allies, he used this statement as part of his Allies aim. The Soviet Union joined the Allies after being invaded by Germany. Millions of art were sold and reprinted as it publicizes the Four Freedom in 1943. In 1940s after tension between the United States and Japan over East Asia, on December 7, 1941 Japan attacked Pearl Harbor. There was no warning of this attack happening as a result United States declared war on Japan. The Good neighbors policy was, brought into place by President Roosevelt and Hoover in 1930s. This was a policy that would help the relationship between Latin American countries and the Unites States. The good neighbors policy would not only help the Latin countries but also the United States with trade and military.
In 1945 World War II ended and this started a great change in politics. While both parties have changed dramatically the Democratic Party’s change was the most significant. The Party fought for their votes with new ideas and took each challenged they faced head on. There were also plenty of failures, but with failures come new ways of thinking and every success they had was great. From the end of the Second World War to the 1990’s when Bill Clinton became President, the Party has changed a whole lot and each thought or idea has made a huge impact in the lives of citizens and the history of American Politics.
Do unto others what one would want done unto him or herself. In World War II with Nazi control in much of Europe, even if individuals had problems with how certain people were being treated, not many actually took action. A particular person who decided to counter the flow of what was accepted, was Pastor André Trocmé. That particular pastor was a member of a small French village, Le Chambon-sur-Lignon. There, many Jewish people were housed and protected as much as the small community could provide from their Nazi persecutors; who otherwise would have put into concentration camps or in some cases death camps. The entirety of the village needed to work together in order to achieve the pursuits they hoped to accomplish. The level of their
Thomas Jefferson once said, “The purpose of government is to enable the people of a nation to live in safety and happiness. Government exists for the interests of the governed, not for the governors” (McAdam np). In a totalitarian system, however, this is often not the case. Because it requires complete subservience from its citizens and focus primarily on power, a totalitarian government does not, if fact, exist for the interests of the people. Mahmud II’s various policies reveal his totalitarian tendencies regarding issues both foreign and domestic.
During the beginning and middle of World War II, there were a lot of political debate regarding the war. People like, Harry S. Truman, and Winston Churchill, were some of the most politically persuasive figures during this time of the World War. Three weeks after the bombing of Pearl Harbor, Winston Churchill approached the United States Congress to ask to join forces and initiate military tactics against the Japanese and German forces. The following four years in April 1945, Harry S. Truman took office as president of the United States, after the death of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Three months after Truman took office, he ordered the dropping of the atomic bomb on Japan. Till this day, the dropping of the atomic bomb is one of the most
Before World War II began, Hitler had already began to spread his ideology of cleansing the German state of Jews and other peoples deemed unwanted by the Nazis. After World War I, nearly two million German men had been killed and political leaders and doctors were concerned about the falling birth rate of the population (Finley-Croswhite, 2014, slide 6; In this paper I am using APA style). Scientists and political leaders were concerned about the economic state of Germany and believed that biological interference, or racial hygiene, was the answer to their country’s worsening population issue. The study of eugenics had begun in the late 19th century (Finley-Croswhite, 2014, slide 3). By the 1930s eugenicists encouraged woman they considered to be genetically healthy to produce children while they discouraged women they considered racially inferior from having children. Eventually, laws were enforced that led to the mass sterilization of all racially inferior people. (Finley-Croswhite, 2014, slide 4). A primary goal of Hitler’s regime was to cleanse Germany of unfit, diseased peoples and build a population of strong, healthy Aryans. In order to accomplish this goal, Hitler had to focus a large portion of his efforts on Germans, and soon after, primarily Jewish men and women. The purpose of this paper is to explore the treatment of Jewish women by the Nazis during the Holocaust with regard to sterilization, pregnancy, and sexual abuse, and to identify the unethical
As World War II came to an end, the United States began emerging as a modern world power. The road to becoming a new world power was long and plentiful. After numerous years of fighting in World War II, years of backing breaking work and dedication, our nation arose as a world superpower. With this superpower, the U.S. would prove its dedication to its people, its help for other countries, and its demand for peace. Once America gained the status of power, many challenges and opportunities were created and faced. Out of these challenges and opportunities came a time of great fear along with many accomplishments. Throughout the journey of being a modern world power, the country tackled an abundance of both high and low points. To conclude,
Totalitarianism is a form of government that theoretically permits no individual freedom and that seeks to subordinate all aspects of the individual’s life to the authority of the government. By the beginning of World War II, “totalitarian” had become equal with absolute and oppressive single-party government. In the years quickly after the WWI, a promising new time of vote based system appeared to be developing. The dictatorial administrations in Russia, Germany and Austria, were all overthrown and replaced by republics. The seven recently made states in Europe all received the republican type of government. Popular government appeared to be triumphant in the post-war world. Yet inside of two decades, numerous law based nations in Europe
Albert Einstein, a famous physicist, once said on the topic of war, “I know not with what weapons World War III will be fought, but World War IV will be fought with sticks and stones.” According to Einstein and many people even today, war is like a self-destruct button, and if pressed, the world would be destroyed. It would be in ruins and the human race would have to start all over again. Even though we, as humans, know this, people have fought many wars in the past, and wars still happen around the world today. Humans overestimate the effects of this button and there has been times in history, where we almost pressed it. An example of an important and deadly war that took place was the Thirty Years’ War. It was one of the bloodiest wars
Power is a sophisticated issue in international relations. It is defined as the capacity or ability to direct or influence the behaviour of others or the course of events (oxforddictionary, n.d.). Traditionally, there used to two powers exists in international relations. First is the hard power, usually it is associated with the realist paradigm as its main focus are authority, force, violence and anarchic system which resulted war. Second is the soft power, which is completely different with hard power. In soft power, its focus are located on the exercise power without the use of violence and
World War II had a really big conflict on values and ideas because most countries in Europe were involved and some thought that they were being cheated on each other, countries like japan wanted to use more resources to help their people and to help their factories run properly. The ideas were also a major conflict in World War II as the ideas such as the treaty of Versailles did not go well with Germany as they had to pay a big price as they lost in the World War I and they had to compensate France and Great Britain. And countries which did win the war talked about issues like territory invasions, war issues and so on. This did not go well with Germany. Some nations did not allow other nations to enter their territories as they had promised
Despite its action of the past and it apparition on the World War II, Japan nowadays represents one of the most powerful countries in the world, and it is a clear representation of redeemed and proof that the choice of accurate decision could empower a State. Even though it is a small country, Japan is comprehensibly a demonstration that a big territory is not a meaning of power, and that in fact, it has more influence in the world than most of the bigger countries. Why is it a powerful country? From the very rudimentary definition of power, it means the ability or authority to do something, the political control and the views of the country in terms of international influence (Oxford Canadian Dictionary). Throughout the whole history, power is closely related with military forces and hard power; however, power is also represented by the consequences of proper manage of domestic policies not only economically but also socially, which can influence in both regional and international level, making the country a power influence. Michael Foucault established that the idea of power is based on actors and the ability to make decisions and put them into practice to be in control, in this order of ideas, it enables to make politics and institutions work. As well, he stated that power is everywhere and it is not necessarily repressive, prohibitive, negative or exclusionary; it is closely related with the idea that power is also positive. The essence of soft power relies on the use