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The Political Theory Of John Locke And Jean Jacques Rousseau

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Within the field of political theory, the notion of private property is often discussed and historically has been a difficult philosophical argument to overcome. The ability to govern over land and other material objects privately compared to communally has been disputed and shown to be problematic for philosophers because of the idea of the development of the individual. Modern thinkers John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau also fall into this category. During the 18th century, Locke and Rousseau excelled in the world of philosophy, extending their views to broaden the horizons of government and political principles. Both men begin them by stating their version of the State of Nation, just as Hobbes did before them through his writings. Once men find their way out of the State of Nature in both societies, Locke and Rousseau provide natural orders which allow the discussion of property and the private rights of man. Locke argues for private property as a positive to mankind, allowing the individual to flourish while Rousseau opposes it and the division of labor will break down mankind’s virtue. In the Second Treatise and Discourse on Inequality, both men demonstrate conflicting ideas of the human state of nature, which lead to their differing opinions on the progression of mankind out of that state and the privatization of property. Political power is very important to both me, having devoted their names and philosophies to it. To Locke, political power is “a right of
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