The Politics Of Preventable Deaths : Local Spending, Income Inequality, And Premature Mortality

809 Words Apr 6th, 2015 4 Pages
Reaction Paper 3.
The Politics of Preventable Deaths: Local Spending, Income Inequality, and Premature Mortality in US Cities. The article focuses on juxtaposing income inequality and premature mortality rate, with several variables. These are: “percentage in poverty”, “percentage non-Hispanic Black”, “Income inequality measured by the Gini coefficient”, “city financial expenditures” “mayoral type” and “party affiliation” (Ronzio, Pamuk, Squires 176). In their survey of the existing literature, the researchers sought to reveal connections between a high level of income inequality within a community, and an elevated level of mortality. In so doing, they attempted to shed light on “geopolitical disparities in health.” (Ronzio, Pamuk, Squires 175). In terms of methodology, the researchers employed data (on persons aged 75 and below) from the Census bureau, to represent population size and race. Data on mortality was obtained from the CDC’s interactive database, which can be queried for all causes of death, location, external injuries, etc. They chose ten circumstances surrounding a given person’s death and catalogued their frequency in 138 cities. Those most noteworthy are “(1) motor vehicle accidents, … (2) all other accidents, ... (5) suicide, ... (6) homicide and legal intervention,..” (176).
The researchers analyzed city spending, using data made available by The Office of Social and Economic Data Analysis (OSEDA). They surveyed all spending on public services,…
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