The Politics of the Guantanamo Bay Detention Camp

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The Politics of the Guantanamo Bay Detention Camp
Guantanamo Bay, also known as Gitmo, is a United States Detention Camp located in the Guantanamo Naval Base in South Eastern Cuba. The United States gained control of the Guantanamo Bay area in the 1903 Cuban-American treaty in which the United States gained the right to control the Cuban territory while at the same time recognizing the Cuban state sovereignty (Nofi, 112). In the year 1970, the United States began to use part of the Guantanamo Naval Base as a detention camp for Cubans and Haitians that were caught in the high sea trying to get into the United States illegally (Gott, 78). However, the detention camp later became a political tool, which politicians used for their selfish
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In the year 2004, Cuban diplomats accused the United States government for contriving the international law by denying the prisoners in the Guantanamo Bay the right to challenge their detention through legal action. The diplomats said that the U.S. government had to try the Guantanamo Bay prisoners, or repatriate them to their home countries where they would be tried. For this reason, the Cuba diplomats called for a UN investigation into Guantanamo Bay to find out if rights were being violated. After the investigation, in 2007, the United States gave out a report in which they said that the US violated the international law especially the provision on the international covenant on civil and political rights (Bravin, 97-98).
In the year 2006, the United Nations unsuccessfully called for the closure of the Guantanamo Bay Detention Camp (Bravin, 65). In response to the accusations made against the United States for violating the rights of the Guantanamo Bay prisoners, former President Bush responded to his critics by saying that the United States was not obligated to grant constitutional rights to the prisoners in Guantanamo Bay because, Guantanamo Bay Prison is located outside the United States. Bush also said that the United States had not violated any provision of the Geneva Convention since the Geneva
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