The Pope 's Official Register

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Dictatus Papae, inserted in the pope’s official Register in 1075, can be considered the most important document involved in the lay investiture controversy. The document outlines 27 statements of power under the Catholic Church, and it is the first time that a document grants the pope power to depose an Emperor. The document most likely written, or influenced, by Pope Gregory VII came in wake of the lay investiture controversy between the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV and Pope Gregory VII. Lay investiture is when lay, or worldly, kings and emperors invests in bishops, appointing them to bishops of the area in which they rule. It was extremely common for the bishops that were chosen to also be the Emperor’s vassal as well. In return the bishop would encourage and help the Emperor’s rule over their territory. There had hardly been any push back from the papacy in regards to this practice (Jordan p. 85-87). The bishops would take the sides of the emperors because most owe them for giving them their position. The height of the controversy started when a monk named Hildebrand, who believed strongly in reforming the papacy and the church, was swept into office. Hildebrand would take on the name Gregory becoming Pope Gregory VII. Gregory would first forbid married priests to perform sacraments in December 1074, then two months later, he prohibited lay investiture (Jordan p. 91). Henry IV and most of the German bishops would denounce these papal decrees declaring that since the
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