The Population's Natural Resources

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Togo’s environment consists of a fair amount of diversity with gently sloping savanna hills in the north, expansive lagoons and marshes stretching from the coastal plain in the south, and hills and plateaus in the central region of the country. The nation’s natural resources are made up predominately of phosphates, limestone, marble, and arable land. As of 2011 their total renewable water resources are 14.7 cu km, with total withdrawals in 2005 only at 0.17 cu km per year, suggesting they have enough water resources to meet the growing needs of their people for the time being. The percentage of endogenous freshwater supply withdrawn for use by Togo as listed by The World Resources Institute is about 1% annually. The more difficult issue for Togo will be protecting the water quality and finding the financing and resources to expand infrastructure to provide a much larger % of the population with access to improved water and sanitation. Natural hazards for Togo are hot temperatures, intermittent droughts, and dry Harmattan winds causing reductions in visibility. The country’s most troubling environmental issues include deforestation from slash-and-burn agriculture combined with the harvesting of wood for fuel. Water pollution causing health hazards with drinking water sources, and harming the fishing industry. Additionally, increasing urbanization and development is causing rises air pollution, which has become more threatening to their urban metropolitan areas. The
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