The Positive and Negative Effects of Tourism Essay

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The Negative and Positive Effects of Tourism
Submitted by
Arianne Smith
DeVry University
Tourism Management, Warren John Fall 2011

The current research paper covers the main effects of global tourism, both positive and negative. International tourism is a significant sector of business. For some countries it is one of the main sources of national income. The most important positive economic effects of tourism are as follows: increase in budget revenues, production expansion, stimulation of investments, and improvement in the population’s welfare. Tourism influences social and cultural lives of people in a positive way by stimulating the development and revival of local cultures and encouraging intercultural exchange.
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In this way, the government is able to maintain the balance of the budget, which is one of the factors of economic stability.
International tourism contributes to foreign exchange earnings. Tourists usually come to the country of destination with strong, stable, and expensive currency, such as dollar or euro. Then, they exchange it according to the internal rate of the country they stay in. Considering the number of tourists that travel to the same destination, which in some countries can be very large, we can estimate that the amount of foreign currency they leave there is hundreds times larger. Therefore, a host economy benefits from the inflow of foreign currency.
Another aspect of impact of tourism on a country’s economy is that it facilitates the expansion of the market of goods and services. Foreigners come to a country willing to spend money on different goods and services, thus increasing the amounts of sales. This is a great chance for producers and service providers to receive larger profits. This concerns not only hoteliers, tour operators, and souvenir shops owners. Public transportation, retail stores of different kind, restaurants, and cafes benefit from international tourism. Obviously, if these industries are in demand, businesses will be expanding. On the one hand, it means that more money is paid to the budget. On the other hand, profits generated by the owners are spent inside the country, affecting almost all the fields of the
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