The Positivist Post-Positivist Paradigm: Understanding the Social World of the Indigenous People

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The positivist-post-positivist paradigm is the most appropriate paradigm for research regarding the subject matter of Northern Frontier, Northern Homeland by Thomas Berger (1988). This paradigm states that social science research pushes towards western cultures causing other regions to adapt to western ideas. According to Travers (2010), “[t]he physical and the social sciences are products of western culture in a specific historical moment. [s]cience is a modern phenomenon, emerging in step with capitalism, industrialism, global expansion, and a liberal philosophy” (p. 9). Ingenious people living in the North are being forced to change the way they live if the Mackenzie Valley Pipeline were to be built. According to Berger (1988), “[i]n …show more content…
If the research shows that there would be harm, they can control if the pipeline should go ahead with the plan or not. Positivism and post-positivist paradigm ontology according to Travers (2010), assumes that the “real world exists independently of human perceptions” (Audio Lecture 2). For example, the indigenous people living in the North have perceptions that the pipeline would negatively affect their well-being. On the other hand, western society including the corporations and the government feel that the pipeline would not only enhance the welfare of the ingenious people but also the economy. According to Berger (1988), “How the rest of the Canada perceives the pipeline and the issues that surround it is not at all how the real world would perceive it. According to Travers, (2010), “[t]he overall goal, therefore, of social sciences is, like physical sciences, to construct universal laws abut the social world and human behaviour that hold true across time, place, and culture” (p. 12). The Mackenzie Valley Pipeline Inquiry is so specific to a certain culture and to say that this can hold true across all cultures is a weakness. The indigenous peoples hunt, and live in northern Canada where the weather is different from other parts of the world therefore, holding this true across cultures and
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